Divergent metabolomic profiles of cold-exposed mature and immature females of tropical versus temperate Drosophila species - Université de Rennes Access content directly
Journal Articles Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology Year : 2021

Divergent metabolomic profiles of cold-exposed mature and immature females of tropical versus temperate Drosophila species

Abstract

Temperate species, contrary to their tropical counterparts, are exposed not only to thermally variable environments with low temperatures but also to long winters. Different selective pressures may have driven divergent physiological adaptations in closely related species with different biogeographic origins. To survive unfavourable winter conditions, Drosophila species in temperate areas generally undergo a period of reproductive dormancy, associated with a cold-induced cessation of oogenesis and metabolic reorganization. This work aims to compare cold tolerance and metabolic signatures of cold-exposed females exhibiting different reproductive maturity status (mature and immature females) of four Drosophila species from tropical vs. temperate origins. We expected that the capacity for delayed reproduction of immature females could result in the redirection of the energy-related metabolites to be utilized for surviving the cold season. To do so, we studied an array of 45 metabolites using quantitative target GC–MS profiling. Reproductively immature females of temperate species showed the lower CTmin and the faster chill coma recovery time (i.e. the most cold-tolerant group). Principal component analysis captured differences across species, but also between reproductive maturity states. Notably, temperate species exhibited significantly higher levels of glucose, alanine, and gluconolactone than tropical ones. As proline and glycerol showed higher abundances in immature females of temperate species compared to the levels exhibited by the rest of the groups, we reasoned that glucose and alanine could serve as intermediates in the synthesis of these compatible solutes. All in all, our findings suggest that cold-exposed females of temperate species accumulate energy-related and protective metabolites (e.g. glycerol and proline) while delaying reproduction, and that these metabolites are relevant to cold tolerance even at modest concentrations.
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Dates and versions

hal-03235463 , version 1 (15-06-2021)

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Julián Mensch, Lucas Kreiman, Pablo Schilman, Esteban Hasson, D Renault, et al.. Divergent metabolomic profiles of cold-exposed mature and immature females of tropical versus temperate Drosophila species. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology, 2021, 258, pp.110995. ⟨10.1016/j.cbpa.2021.110995⟩. ⟨hal-03235463⟩
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