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Conference Papers Year : 2019

Metal Halide Perovskites: A New Class of Semiconductors

Sergei Tretiak
Jean-Christophe Blancon
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Metal halide perovskites have recently demonstrated undeniably remarkable characteristics for a wide range of optoelectronic applications. The perovskite fever began with 3D hybrid perovskites of chemical formula AMX 3 , made of corner-sharing MX 6 with M a metal, X a halogen, and A a small organic cation. These perovskites have opened a route toward low-cost manufacture of solar cells while offering currently certified conversion efficiencies over 24%, at the level of the best known thin film technologies and not far from monocrystalline silicon. Since the initial breakthrough mid-2012, halide perovskites have attracted worldwide efforts from the scientific community leading to an extensive exploration of their structural versatility and an ever-growing diversity of composition with a revival of all inorganic metal halide perovskites. Currently, many different metal-halide networks are synthetized and their optoelectronic properties deserve to be unraveled. Among others, new compositions such as A' 2 A n-1 M n X 3n+1 afford layered structures with a controlled number of octahedra in the perovskite layer interspaced with larger organic cations A' for most. Here, through a couple of recent examples including newly discovered halide perovskite phases as well as experimental data from the early 90's, we will discuss their optoelectronic properties based on first-principles calculations, semi-empirical and empirical modelling. Differences between this class of perovskite materials and conventional semiconductors will be highlighted. Impact of composition and structural pattern on properties will be inspected, with particular emphasis on the effect of quantum and dielectric confinements on charge carriers and excitons. Opportunities to further engineer halide perovskite properties will also be tackled in the prospect to provide guidance for the design of new synthetic targets.
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Dates and versions

hal-02269450 , version 1 (22-08-2019)


  • HAL Id : hal-02269450 , version 1


Claudine Katan, Boubacar Traore, Mikael Kepenekian, Laurent Pedesseau, Joshua Leveillee, et al.. Metal Halide Perovskites: A New Class of Semiconductors. 12th International Symposium on Flexible Organic Electronics (ISFOE19), Jul 2019, Thessaloniki, Greece. ⟨hal-02269450⟩
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