Occupational exposure to textile dust and lung cancer risk Results from the ICARE Study - Université de Rennes Access content directly
Journal Articles American Journal of Industrial Medicine Year : 2018

Occupational exposure to textile dust and lung cancer risk Results from the ICARE Study

Abstract

Background - To investigate the association of lung cancer with occupational exposure to textile dust and specifically to cotton dust in the population-based case-control study ICARE. Methods - Lifelong occupational history of 2926 cases and 3555 controls was collected using standardized questionnaires, with specific questions for textile dust exposure. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using unconditional logistic regression models controlling for confounding factors including smoking and asbestos exposure. Results - An inverse association between textile dust exposure and lung cancer was found among workers exposed ≥5% of their work time (OR = 0.80, 95%CI = 0.58-1.09), more pronounced for distant exposures (40+ years; up to a 56% reduced risk, statistically significant). The OR of lung cancer was significantly decreased among workers exposed to cotton fibers (OR = 0.70, 95%CI = 0.48-0.97). Conclusions - Our results provide some evidence of a decreased risk of lung cancer associated with exposure to textile dust, particularly cotton.

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Health
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Dates and versions

hal-01730385 , version 1 (13-03-2018)

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Soumaya Ben Khedher, Monica Neri, Florence Guida, Mireille Matrat, Sylvie Cenée, et al.. Occupational exposure to textile dust and lung cancer risk Results from the ICARE Study. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 2018, 61 (3), pp.216-228. ⟨10.1002/ajim.22799⟩. ⟨hal-01730385⟩
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