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Journal Articles Physiological Measurement Year : 2016

Ischemia detection from morphological QRS angle changes

Abstract

In this paper, an ischemia detector is presented based on the analysis of QRS-derived angles. The detector has been developed by modeling ischemic effects on the QRS angles as a gradual change with a certain transition time and assuming a Laplacian additive modeling error contaminating the angle series. Both standard and non-standard leads were used for analysis. Non-standard leads were obtained by applying the PCA technique over specific lead subsets to represent different potential locations of the ischemic zone. The performance of the proposed detector was tested over a population of 79 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in one of the major coronary arteries (LAD (n  =  25), RCA (n  =  16) and LCX (n  =  38)). The best detection performance, obtained for standard ECG leads, was achieved in the LAD group with values of sensitivity and specificity of [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], followed by the RCA group with [Formula: see text], Sp  =  94.4 and the LCX group with [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], notably outperforming detection based on the ST series in all cases, with the same detector structure. The timing of the detected ischemic events ranged from 30 s up to 150 s (mean  =  66.8 s) following the start of occlusion. We conclude that changes in the QRS angles can be used to detect acute myocardial ischemia

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Bioengineering
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Dates and versions

hal-01326299 , version 1 (03-06-2016)

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Daniel Romero, Juan Pablo Martínez, Pablo Laguna, Esther Pueyo. Ischemia detection from morphological QRS angle changes. Physiological Measurement, 2016, 37 (7), pp.1004--1023. ⟨10.1088/0967-3334/37/7/1004⟩. ⟨hal-01326299⟩
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