Hypoxia combined with chilling maintains the quality of irradiated Drosophila flies: a simulated shipment experiment - Université de Rennes Access content directly
Journal Articles Bulletin of Entomological Research Year : 2021

Hypoxia combined with chilling maintains the quality of irradiated Drosophila flies: a simulated shipment experiment

Abstract

Drosophila suzukii is an invasive fruit pest in Europe and America. Females lay eggs into mature fruit that larvae consume causing important losses. Sterile insect technique (SIT) is under development to control this pest. The efficiency of this technique relies on insect quality. However, during the process from mass production to field release, several steps may compromise insect quality and therefore SIT success. Shipment of sterile insects after irradiation is a key step of SIT programmes. Generally, insects are shipped as pupae and conditions during transport need to be adapted to prevent emergence before field release, while guaranteeing insect quality. To do so, transport is usually performed under low temperature, hypoxia or a combination of both. However, the impact of multiple stressors such as irradiation followed by chilling combined with hypoxia is poorly described and has not been studied in D. suzukii . Therefore, the aim of this study was to simulate a shipment of D. suzukii pupae (irradiated or not) under different conditions (chilling combined or not with hypoxia) for various durations, and to assess consequences on emerged adults. Irradiation followed by hypoxia and/or chilling only weakly altered emergence. However, 48 h of hypoxia without chilling altered the flight ability of flies whether or not they were irradiated. Conversely, when hypoxia was combined with chilling, flight ability remained similar to that of untreated flies. The use of chilling in combination with hypoxia for 48 h could be implemented as a transportation method for SIT programme on D. suzukii .

Dates and versions

hal-03327372 , version 1 (27-08-2021)

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Thomas Enriquez, Fabiana Sassù, Carlos Cáceres, H Colinet. Hypoxia combined with chilling maintains the quality of irradiated Drosophila flies: a simulated shipment experiment. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 2021, 111 (6), pp.645-657. ⟨10.1017/S0007485321000146⟩. ⟨hal-03327372⟩
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