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Journal Articles International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation Year : 2017

Toluene degradation in a two-phase partitioning bioreactor involving a hydrophobic ionic liquid as a non-aqueous phase liquid

Abstract

An ionic liq. (IL), 1-octylisoquinolinium bis(trifluoromethyl-sulfonyl) imide also known as [OctIq][NTf2], was selected, since it complies with all the requested characteristics to be used as non-aq. phase liq. (NAPL) in a two-phase partitioning bioreactor (TPPB) dedicated to the biol. treatment of the hydrophobic volatile org. compd., toluene. Various operating parameters were investigated and the performances were compared to those recorded in the absence of NAPL. With an aeration flow rate of 0.2 L min-1 and in the presence of [OctIq][NTf2] as NAPL in a TPPB of 12 L, the system allowed to avoid toluene stripping and to totally remove toluene at different concns. ranging from 0.55 to 1.13 g L-1. However, and even if the ionic liq. addn. seemed to decrease the toluene biodegrdn. rate, higher toluene concns. could be treated due to the high affinity of toluene for the selected IL. For high toluene concns., biodegrdn. rate might be limited by the oxygen supply because the dissolved oxygen concn. was almost zero. [OctIq][NTf2] appears to be a suitable NAPL for the biol. treatment of toluene. To improve both toluene and oxygen availabilities, the NAPL-to-water ratio should be investigated in order to optimize the interfacial area due to the dispersion of [OctIq][NTf2] droplets in water, as well as the effect of aeration rate on toluene biodegrdn. rates.
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Dates and versions

hal-01475809 , version 1 (24-02-2017)

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Thi-Vi-Na Nguyen, Alfredo Santiago Rodriguez Castillo, Solene Guiheneuf, Pierre-Francois Biard, Ludovic Paquin, et al.. Toluene degradation in a two-phase partitioning bioreactor involving a hydrophobic ionic liquid as a non-aqueous phase liquid. International Biodeterioration and Biodegradation, 2017, 117, pp.31-38. ⟨10.1016/j.ibiod.2016.11.011⟩. ⟨hal-01475809⟩
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