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Journal Articles European Spine Journal Year : 2016

Validity and utility of monopolar spinal cord stimulation in pediatric scoliosis surgery

Abstract

PURPOSE: To assess the validity and utility of monopolar stimulation (between a peridural needle and a large adhesive anode placed in the sternal area) for intraoperative monitoring in scoliosis surgery. METHODS: This procedure was assessed during 41 operations involving either arthrodesis with posterior instrumentation or a Vertical Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Rib (VEPTR). Responses evoked by monopolar stimulation were compared with those evoked by bipolar stimulation between two epidural needle electrodes. Potentials evoked by monopolar stimulation in the upper limbs were compared with those evoked in the lower limbs during the same stimulation procedure. RESULTS: Monopolar stimulation yielded equivalent and, if anything, more stable responses in the lower limbs. Recording in the upper limbs was satisfactory and allowed a decrease in responses to be detected in two patients. Acceptable thresholds for changes in amplitude relative to baseline were 40 % for upper limbs and 30 % for lower limbs. CONCLUSIONS: Monopolar stimulation can be used to monitor the spinal cord during surgery for scoliosis correction. This procedure is more convenient for the surgeon and allows for the combined recording of responses in all four limbs, which can be useful in the case of surgical techniques such as those involving a VEPTR
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Dates and versions

hal-01290423 , version 1 (18-03-2016)

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Constantin Gomes, Mathieu Kuchenbuch, Gregory Lucas, Soizic Argaud, Philippe Violas, et al.. Validity and utility of monopolar spinal cord stimulation in pediatric scoliosis surgery. European Spine Journal, 2016, 25 (10), pp.3201-3207. ⟨10.1007/s00586-016-4504-6⟩. ⟨hal-01290423⟩
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