Roflumilast n-oxide associated with PGE2 prevents the neutrophil elastase-induced production of chemokines by epithelial cells - Université de Rennes Access content directly
Journal Articles International Immunopharmacology Year : 2016

Roflumilast n-oxide associated with PGE2 prevents the neutrophil elastase-induced production of chemokines by epithelial cells

Tatiana Victoni
Thomas Gicquel
Aude Bodin
  • Function : Author
Marion Daude
  • Function : Author
Hermann Tenor
  • Function : Author
Samuel Valença
  • Function : Author
Luis Cristovão Porto
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Neutrophil chemotaxis is involved in the lung inflammatory process in conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Neutrophil elastase (NE), one of the main proteases produced by neutrophils, has an important role in the inflammatory process via the release of chemokines from airway epithelial cells. It was recently shown that roflumilast N-oxide has therapeutic potential in COPD. The aim of the present study was to investigate roflumilast N-oxide's effect on NE-induced chemokine production and signaling pathways in A549 epithelial cells. A549 cells were incubated with NE for 30min, washed with PBS and then cultured for 2h (for measurement of mRNA expression) and 24h (for chemokine release) or for 5 to 30min (for protein phosphorylation assays). Prior to the addition of NE, cells were also pre-incubated with prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), alone and in combination with roflumilast N-oxide. Addition of NE was associated with elevated chemokine production by A549 cells and induction of the p38α pathway. In contrast when combined with PGE2, the roflumilast N-oxide had an additive effect on the inhibition of NE-induced chemokine release and p38α and other kinases activation. In conclusion, we demonstrated that NE is able to increase the release of chemokines from epithelial cells via the activation of p38α MAP-kinase and that roflumilast N-oxide when combined with PGE2 lowers NE-induced kinase activation and chemokine production

Dates and versions

hal-01237076 , version 1 (02-12-2015)

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Tatiana Victoni, Thomas Gicquel, Aude Bodin, Marion Daude, Hermann Tenor, et al.. Roflumilast n-oxide associated with PGE2 prevents the neutrophil elastase-induced production of chemokines by epithelial cells. International Immunopharmacology, 2016, 30, pp.1--8. ⟨10.1016/j.intimp.2015.11.019⟩. ⟨hal-01237076⟩
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