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Journal Articles Biological Reviews Year : 2024

Taming the terminological tempest in invasion science

Ismael Soto (1) , Paride Balzani , Laís Carneiro , Ross Cuthbert , Rafael Macêdo , Ali Serhan Tarkan , Danish Ahmed , Alok Bang , Karolina Bacela-Spychalska , Sarah Bailey , Thomas Baudry (2) , Liliana Ballesteros-Mejia (3) , Alejandro Bortolus , Elizabeta Briski , J. Robert Britton , Miloš Buřič , Morelia Camacho-Cervantes , Carlos Cano-Barbacil , Denis Copilaș-Ciocianu , Neil Coughlan , Pierre Courtois (4) , Zoltán Csabai , Tatenda Dalu , Vanessa de Santis , James Dickey , Romina Dimarco , Jannike Falk-Andersson , Romina Fernandez , Margarita Florencio , Ana Clara S. Franco , Emili García-Berthou , Daniela Giannetto , Milka Glavendekic , Michał Grabowski , Gustavo Heringer , Ileana Herrera , Wei Huang , Katie Kamelamela , Natalia Kirichenko , Antonín Kouba , Melina Kourantidou (5) , Irmak Kurtul , Gabriel Laufer , Boris Lipták , Chunlong Liu , Eugenia López-López , Vanessa Lozano , Stefano Mammola , Agnese Marchini , Valentyna Meshkova , Marco Milardi , Dmitrii Musolin , Martin Nuñez , Francisco Oficialdegui , Jiří Patoka , Zarah Pattison , Daniel Pincheira-Donoso , Marina Piria , Anna Probert , Jes Jessen Rasmussen , David Renault (6) , Filipe Ribeiro , Gil Rilov , Tamara Robinson , Axel Sanchez , Evangelina Schwindt , Josie South , Peter Stoett , Hugo Verreycken , Lorenzo Vilizzi , Yong‐jian Wang , Yuya Watari , Priscilla Wehi , András Weiperth , Peter Wiberg-Larsen , Sercan Yapıcı , Baran Yoğurtçuoğlu , Rafael Zenni , Bella Galil , Jaimie Dick , James Russell , Anthony Ricciardi , Daniel Simberloff , Corey Bradshaw (7) , Phillip Haubrock (1, 8, 9)
Paride Balzani
  • Function : Author
Laís Carneiro
  • Function : Author
Ross Cuthbert
  • Function : Author
Rafael Macêdo
  • Function : Author
Ali Serhan Tarkan
  • Function : Author
Danish Ahmed
Alok Bang
  • Function : Author
Karolina Bacela-Spychalska
  • Function : Author
Sarah Bailey
  • Function : Author
Alejandro Bortolus
  • Function : Author
Elizabeta Briski
  • Function : Author
J. Robert Britton
  • Function : Author
Miloš Buřič
  • Function : Author
Morelia Camacho-Cervantes
  • Function : Author
Carlos Cano-Barbacil
  • Function : Author
Denis Copilaș-Ciocianu
  • Function : Author
Neil Coughlan
  • Function : Author
Zoltán Csabai
Tatenda Dalu
  • Function : Author
Vanessa de Santis
  • Function : Author
James Dickey
  • Function : Author
Romina Dimarco
  • Function : Author
Jannike Falk-Andersson
  • Function : Author
Romina Fernandez
  • Function : Author
Margarita Florencio
Ana Clara S. Franco
Emili García-Berthou
Daniela Giannetto
  • Function : Author
Milka Glavendekic
  • Function : Author
Michał Grabowski
  • Function : Author
Gustavo Heringer
  • Function : Author
Ileana Herrera
  • Function : Author
Wei Huang
  • Function : Author
Katie Kamelamela
  • Function : Author
Natalia Kirichenko
  • Function : Author
Antonín Kouba
  • Function : Author
Irmak Kurtul
  • Function : Author
Gabriel Laufer
Boris Lipták
  • Function : Author
Chunlong Liu
  • Function : Author
Eugenia López-López
  • Function : Author
Vanessa Lozano
  • Function : Author
Stefano Mammola
Agnese Marchini
  • Function : Author
Valentyna Meshkova
  • Function : Author
Marco Milardi
  • Function : Author
Dmitrii Musolin
  • Function : Author
Martin Nuñez
  • Function : Author
Francisco Oficialdegui
  • Function : Author
Jiří Patoka
  • Function : Author
Zarah Pattison
  • Function : Author
Daniel Pincheira-Donoso
  • Function : Author
Marina Piria
  • Function : Author
Anna Probert
  • Function : Author
Jes Jessen Rasmussen
  • Function : Author
David Renault
Filipe Ribeiro
  • Function : Author
Gil Rilov
  • Function : Author
Tamara Robinson
  • Function : Author
Axel Sanchez
  • Function : Author
Evangelina Schwindt
  • Function : Author
Josie South
  • Function : Author
Peter Stoett
  • Function : Author
Hugo Verreycken
Lorenzo Vilizzi
  • Function : Author
Yong‐jian Wang
  • Function : Author
Yuya Watari
  • Function : Author
Priscilla Wehi
  • Function : Author
András Weiperth
  • Function : Author
Peter Wiberg-Larsen
  • Function : Author
Sercan Yapıcı
  • Function : Author
Baran Yoğurtçuoğlu
  • Function : Author
Rafael Zenni
  • Function : Author
Bella Galil
  • Function : Author
Jaimie Dick
  • Function : Author
James Russell
  • Function : Author
Anthony Ricciardi
  • Function : Author
Daniel Simberloff
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Standardised terminology in science is important for clarity of interpretation and communication. In invasion science – a dynamic and rapidly evolving discipline – the proliferation of technical terminology has lacked a standardised framework for its development. The result is a convoluted and inconsistent usage of terminology, with various discrepancies in descriptions of damage and interventions. A standardised framework is therefore needed for a clear, universally applicable, and consistent terminology to promote more effective communication across researchers, stakeholders, and policymakers. Inconsistencies in terminology stem from the exponential increase in scientific publications on the patterns and processes of biological invasions authored by experts from various disciplines and countries since the 1990s, as well as publications by legislators and policymakers focusing on practical applications, regulations, and management of resources. Aligning and standardising terminology across stakeholders remains a challenge in invasion science. Here, we review and evaluate the multiple terms used in invasion science (e.g. ‘non‐native’, ‘alien’, ‘invasive’ or ‘invader’, ‘exotic’, ‘non‐indigenous’, ‘naturalised’, ‘pest’) to propose a more simplified and standardised terminology. The streamlined framework we propose and translate into 28 other languages is based on the terms ( i ) ‘non‐native’, denoting species transported beyond their natural biogeographic range, ( ii ) ‘established non‐native’, i.e. those non‐native species that have established self‐sustaining populations in their new location(s) in the wild, and ( iii ) ‘invasive non‐native’ – populations of established non‐native species that have recently spread or are spreading rapidly in their invaded range actively or passively with or without human mediation. We also highlight the importance of conceptualising ‘spread’ for classifying invasiveness and ‘impact’ for management. Finally, we propose a protocol for classifying populations based on ( i ) dispersal mechanism, ( ii ) species origin, ( iii ) population status, and ( iv ) impact. Collectively and without introducing new terminology, the framework that we present aims to facilitate effective communication and collaboration in invasion science and management of non‐native species.
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hal-04526694 , version 1 (02-04-2024)

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Ismael Soto, Paride Balzani, Laís Carneiro, Ross Cuthbert, Rafael Macêdo, et al.. Taming the terminological tempest in invasion science. Biological Reviews, 2024, ⟨10.1111/brv.13071⟩. ⟨hal-04526694⟩
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