Estimates of nectar productivity through a simulation approach differ from the nectar produced in 24 h - Université de Rennes Access content directly
Journal Articles Functional Ecology Year : 2022

Estimates of nectar productivity through a simulation approach differ from the nectar produced in 24 h


Nectar is a key resource for numerous insects. Despite its importance, nectar productivity has mainly been assessed using one sampling method, in which the volume of nectar produced by a flower is measured after 24 h of isolation from insects (‘measured 24 h volume’ hereafter). This method assumes that nectar removal by flower-visiting insects does not affect nectar productivity. Hence, a linearity in the nectar production dynamic is assumed. The effect of nectar removal could lead to an actual volume of nectar produced per flower over 24 h being higher or lower than the measured 24 h volume. Whether the nectar productivity is influenced by insect activity still therefore needs to be assessed. In a field experiment, we estimated the nectar production dynamics of lavender (Lavandula hybrida) and fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) flowers and tested whether they met the linearity assumption. Then, we developed a simulation model to identify how different scenarios of insect foraging activity: nectar removal rate (average and maximum), and flower-selection strategies (random selection or rewarding flower selection) alter the estimated 24 h volume of nectar for both crops (‘estimated 24 h volume’ hereafter). Finally, we tested whether the estimated 24 h volume differed from the measured 24 h volume for both crops. Lavender and fennel showed equal measured 24 h volume of nectar but the produced nectar volume over 6 h suggested that a flower of lavender was more productive than a flower of fennel. Both nectar production dynamics did not meet the assumption of linearity. The simulation models showed that the estimated 24 h volume increased with maximum nectar removal rate for lavender, and the opposite was found for fennel. Rewarding selection always increased the estimated 24 h volume for fennel while for lavender a positive effect was detected at average rate of nectar removal. We found that the estimated 24 h volume was always greater than the measured 24 h volume. Our model demonstrated that the effect of insect foraging activity on flower's nectar productivity should be considered while estimating the resources produced by plants. As an alternative, measures of produced nectar volume in short time spans may be compared with the measured 24 h volume to check the reliability of this widespread method.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Carisio et al. - 2022 - Estimates of nectar productivity through a simulat.pdf (859.69 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
fec14210-sup-0001-appendixs1.pdf (1.05 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
fec14210-sup-0002-tables1.xlsx (16.13 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-03903882 , version 1 (16-12-2022)



Luca Carisio, Lucie Schurr, Véronique Masotti, Marco Porporato, Gabriel Nève, et al.. Estimates of nectar productivity through a simulation approach differ from the nectar produced in 24 h. Functional Ecology, 2022, 36 (12), pp.3234-3247. ⟨10.1111/1365-2435.14210⟩. ⟨hal-03903882⟩
66 View
14 Download



Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More