Neolithic occupation of the Neolithic Hormuz Strait: coastal survey and first typology of sites, Umm al Quwain, United Arab Emirates - Université de Rennes Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2021

Neolithic occupation of the Neolithic Hormuz Strait: coastal survey and first typology of sites, Umm al Quwain, United Arab Emirates

Abstract

In the southeastern part of Arabian Gulf, evidence of Neolithic human occupation was reported after the 1990’ first surveys carried out in the early 1990s (Uerpmann and Uerpmann, 1996). A substantial investment in a multi-year program of excavation was required, as it represents he only realistic means of documenting a detailed stratigraphic and cultural sequence and to establish a first typology of sites, from simple way stations to encampments and possibly more sedentary sites. For such a demanding task to be accomplished, extensive planimetric excavations were necessary instead of small trenches, combined with the study and accurate drawing of relevant sections. This strategy was applied by different teams of the French Archaeological Mission in the UAE (FAM-UAE) at Akab, UAQ36, and more extensively at UAQ2, today the major Neolithic site known in the Umm al-Quwain Emirate (18 surveyed sections document 146 linear meters of stratigraphic sequences overall). Small-scale excavations were also carried out at UAQ17 (a Neolithic site), and UAQ52 (a site occupied from Neolithic to the Iron Age). The two latter sites are unpublished yet, but can be mapped together with the other sites surveyed by the FAM-UAE in order to gain a perception of the diffuse Neolithic human occupation in the area. In late 2018, a new stratified site was excavated following the same methodology at UAQ38, a shell midden located c. 2 Km from UAQ2, with the aim of collecting further data to compare and contrast with the results obtained from the UAQ2 (2011-2014, 2017) and UAQ36 (2017-2018) excavations. Over the last almost thirty years, archaeological investigations have shown that the Neolithic occupation in the coastal area of the Umm al-Quwain Emirate can be dated back to the middle of the 6th millennium. The mentioned projects carried out at Akab in the 2000s, and more recently at UAQ2 and UAQ36 also started to shed some light on the nature of the 5th millennium human presence in the same area. While radiometric analyses of charcoal and shell samples are awaited, which will help to more solidly ground the absolute chronology of the site, the preliminary results of UAQ38’s excavation will be presented here, as they add significant data for the discussion of Neolithic human occupation in the region.
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Dates and versions

hal-03430561 , version 1 (25-01-2023)

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  • HAL Id : hal-03430561 , version 1

Cite

Sophie Méry, Federico Borgi. Neolithic occupation of the Neolithic Hormuz Strait: coastal survey and first typology of sites, Umm al Quwain, United Arab Emirates. ICAANE, 12th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East, Bologna (Italy), Università di Bologna - Unibo, Apr 2021, Bologne, Italy. ⟨hal-03430561⟩
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