Chyme reinfusion or enteroclysis in nutrition of patients with temporary double enterostomy or enterocutaneous fistula - Université de Rennes Access content directly
Journal Articles Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care Year : 2016

Chyme reinfusion or enteroclysis in nutrition of patients with temporary double enterostomy or enterocutaneous fistula

Abstract

Purpose of review: Patients with double temporary enterostomy or enterocutaneous fistula may suffer from intestinal failure. Parenteral nutrition is the gold standard treatment until surgical re-establishment of intestinal continuity, but serious complications may arise. Chyme reinfusion or enteroclysis are indicated.Recent findings: Chyme reinfusion corrects the intestinal failure by restoring intestinal absorption, allowing parenteral nutrition weaning in 91% of patients. Chyme reinfusion contributes to improve nutritional status and reduce plasma liver test abnormalities. Chyme reinfusion is feasible at home without any serious complications in selected patients. Mechanisms underlying chyme reinfusion effectiveness on intestinal function, such as restoration of ileal brake, are suggested but most remain to be demonstrated. When the downstream small bowel is exposed, enteroclysis of enteral nutrition or hydration could be helpful to reduce parenteral nutrition needs, or in case of insufficient food intake during chyme reinfusion.Summary: Chyme reinfusion or enteroclysis are less expensive, well tolerated, and easy-to-use nutrition support techniques, which may allow reducing parenteral nutrition-related healthcare costs. The latter remains to be demonstrated in the setting of a prospective randomized controlled trial. This review may contribute to improve the awareness of intensivists, digestive surgeons, and gastroenterologists involved in intestinal failure management to spread the use of chyme reinfusion or enteroclysis.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Chyme reinfusion or enteroclysis in nutrition CR_COCNMC 2016_def.pdf (88.43 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-01390778 , version 1 (02-11-2016)

Identifiers

Cite

Ronan Thibault, Denis Picot. Chyme reinfusion or enteroclysis in nutrition of patients with temporary double enterostomy or enterocutaneous fistula. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 2016, 19 (5), pp.382-387. ⟨10.1097/MCO.0000000000000304⟩. ⟨hal-01390778⟩
473 View
809 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More