Fate of Sulfonamides and Tetracyclines in Meat during Pan Cooking - Analyse de Xénobiotiques, Identification, Métabolisme Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecules Year : 2022

Fate of Sulfonamides and Tetracyclines in Meat during Pan Cooking

Sylvie S. Chevolleau
Isabelle Jouanin
Sophie Mompelat
jérémy ratel
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1163789
  • IdHAL : jratel
Erwan Engel
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1171248
Laurent Debrauwer
  • Function : Author


Although antimicrobials are generally found in trace amounts in meat, the human health risk they bear cannot be ignored. With the ultimate aim of making a better assessment of consumer exposure, this study explored the effects of pan cooking on sulfonamides and tetracyclines in meat. Screening of these antimicrobials in cooked meat was first performed by the European Union Reference Laboratory on the basis of HPLC-MS/MS analyses. A proof of concept approach using radiolabeling was then carried out on the most cooking-sensitive antimicrobial—sulfamethoxazole—to assess if a thermal degradation could explain the observed cooking losses. Degradation products were detected thanks to separation by HPLC and monitoring by online radioactivity detection. HPLC-Orbitrap HRMS analyses completed by 1D and 2D NMR experiments allowed the structural characterization of these degradation compounds. This study revealed that cooking could induce significant antimicrobial losses of up to 45% for sulfamethoxazole. Six potential degradation products of 14C-sulfamethoxazole were detected in cooked meat, and a thermal degradation pattern was proposed. This study highlights the importance of considering the cooking step in chemical risk assessment procedures and its impact on the level of chemical contaminants in meat and on the formation of potentially toxic breakdown compounds.
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hal-03795452 , version 1 (04-10-2022)





Christelle Planche, Sylvie S. Chevolleau, Maria-Hélèna Noguer-Meireles, Isabelle Jouanin, Sophie Mompelat, et al.. Fate of Sulfonamides and Tetracyclines in Meat during Pan Cooking: Focus on the Thermodegradation of Sulfamethoxazole. Molecules, 2022, 27 (19), pp.6233. ⟨10.3390/molecules27196233⟩. ⟨hal-03795452⟩
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